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枯燥装备百科:枯燥装备分类
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  用于停(ting)止枯(ku)燥(zao)操(cao)纵(zong)的装备。范例(li)良(liang)多。按照(zhao)(zhao)操(cao)纵(zong)压力可分(fen)为常压和减(jian)压(减(jian)压枯(ku)燥(zao)器也(ye)称真空枯(ku)燥(zao)器)。按照(zhao)(zhao)操(cao)纵(zong)体例(li)可分(fen)为间歇式和持续(xu)式。按照(zhao)(zhao)枯(ku)燥(zao)介质可分(fen)为氛围、烟道气或其余枯(ku)燥(zao)介质。按照(zhao)(zhao)活动(物料挪(nuo)动和枯(ku)燥(zao)介质活动)体例(li)可分(fen)为并(bing)流,逆流和错流。


  按操纵(zong)压力


  按操(cao)纵(zong)压力,枯燥(zao)(zao)器分为常压枯燥(zao)(zao)器和(he)真空枯燥(zao)(zao)器两类, 微波面粉杀菌枯燥(zao)(zao)装备(bei)


  在真(zhen)(zhen)空(kong)下操纵可(ke)(ke)下降(jiang)空(kong)间的湿分蒸汽(qi)(qi)分压而加(jia)快枯(ku)燥进(jin)程,且可(ke)(ke)下降(jiang)湿分沸点和(he)物(wu)(wu)料枯(ku)燥温度,蒸汽(qi)(qi)不易(yi)(yi)外泄,以是(shi),真(zhen)(zhen)空(kong)枯(ku)燥器合用于(yu)枯(ku)燥热敏性、易(yi)(yi)氧化、易(yi)(yi)爆和(he)有(you)毒物(wu)(wu)料和(he)湿分蒸汽(qi)(qi)须要收受(shou)接管(guan)的场所。


  按加热体例(li)


  按(an)加热(re)体(ti)例(li)(li),枯(ku)(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)器(qi)分为(wei)对流式(shi)、传导(dao)式(shi)、辐(fu)射式(shi)、介(jie)(jie)电(dian)式(shi)等范例(li)(li)。对流式(shi)枯(ku)(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)器(qi)又称直接(jie)枯(ku)(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)器(qi),是(shi)(shi)操(cao)纵(zong)(zong)(zong)(zong)热(re)的枯(ku)(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)介(jie)(jie)质(zhi)与湿(shi)物(wu)(wu)(wu)料直接(jie)打仗,以对流体(ti)例(li)(li)通(tong)(tong)(tong)报热(re)量(liang),并将天生(sheng)(sheng)的蒸(zheng)汽(qi)带走;传导(dao)式(shi)枯(ku)(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)器(qi)又称直接(jie)式(shi)枯(ku)(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)器(qi),它操(cao)纵(zong)(zong)(zong)(zong)传导(dao)体(ti)例(li)(li)由热(re)源经由过(guo)程金属间壁(bi)向湿(shi)物(wu)(wu)(wu)料通(tong)(tong)(tong)报热(re)量(liang),天生(sheng)(sheng)的湿(shi)分蒸(zheng)汽(qi)可用减压抽吸、通(tong)(tong)(tong)入少许(xu)吹扫气或在(zai)零丁设置的高温冷凝器(qi)外(wai)表冷凝等体(ti)例(li)(li)移(yi)去。这类(lei)枯(ku)(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)器(qi)不操(cao)纵(zong)(zong)(zong)(zong)枯(ku)(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)介(jie)(jie)质(zhi),热(re)效力较高,产物(wu)(wu)(wu)不受净化,但枯(ku)(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)才能受金属壁(bi)传热(re)面积(ji)的限(xian)定,布局也较庞杂,常在(zai)真空(kong)下(xia)操(cao)纵(zong)(zong)(zong)(zong);辐(fu)射式(shi)枯(ku)(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)器(qi)是(shi)(shi)操(cao)纵(zong)(zong)(zong)(zong)各类(lei)辐(fu)射器(qi)发射出必然波长规模(mo)的电(dian)磁(ci)波,被湿(shi)物(wu)(wu)(wu)料外(wai)表有挑(tiao)选地接(jie)收(shou)后改变为(wei)热(re)量(liang)停止(zhi)枯(ku)(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao);介(jie)(jie)电(dian)式(shi)枯(ku)(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)器(qi)是(shi)(shi)操(cao)纵(zong)(zong)(zong)(zong)高频电(dian)场(chang)感化,使(shi)湿(shi)物(wu)(wu)(wu)料外(wai)部(bu)产生(sheng)(sheng)热(re)效应停止(zhi)枯(ku)(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)。


  按(an)湿物(wu)料的活动(dong)体例


  按(an)湿物料(liao)的活(huo)动体例,枯(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)(zao)(zao)器(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)可分为牢固床(chuang)式(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)、搅动式(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)、喷雾(wu)式(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)和(he) 微波(bo)木料(liao)枯(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)(zao)(zao)装备组(zu)合(he)式(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi);按(an)布(bu)局,枯(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)(zao)(zao)器(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)可分为厢式(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)枯(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)(zao)(zao)器(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)、保送机式(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)枯(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)(zao)(zao)器(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)、滚(gun)筒(tong)式(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)枯(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)(zao)(zao)器(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)、立式(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)枯(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)(zao)(zao)器(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)、机器(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)搅拌(ban)式(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)枯(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)(zao)(zao)器(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)、反(fan)转展转式(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)枯(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)(zao)(zao)器(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)、流化(hua)床(chuang)式(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)枯(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)(zao)(zao)器(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)、气流式(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)枯(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)(zao)(zao)器(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)、振动式(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)枯(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)(zao)(zao)器(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)、喷雾(wu)式(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)枯(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)(zao)(zao)器(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)和(he)组(zu)合(he)式(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)枯(ku)(ku)燥(zao)(zao)(zao)(zao)器(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)等多(duo)种。